NDA Govt @ 9 years: India’s Commitment to Net-zero Emissions by 2070
On completion of the NDA Government’s nine years in office, Akashvani News brings you a series of special stories on the initiatives taken by the Government. Today’s topic is India’s commitment to Net-zero emissions by 2070.
During the UN conference on climate change COP26, which was held at Glasgow in Scotland, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that India will achieve its net-zero emissions target by 2070. He also outlined five commitments to meet the target of net zero. The announcement was made in line with the Paris Agreement of 2015 to limit the global temperature to well below 1.5 degrees Celsius.
The Narendra Modi-led government has made great progress in the last 9 years towards a low-carbon economy in order to reach the target of net zero emissions by 2070. The National Green Hydrogen Mission, National Biofuels Policy, and Mission LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment) are the major such initiatives to meet the targets.
The National Green Hydrogen Mission, with a budget of over 19 thousand crore rupees is aimed to make India a leading producer and supplier of Green Hydrogen in the world, while under the National Biofuels Policy, India set a target of producing bioethanol that would be blended with petrol in order to minimize carbon emissions.
From an earlier target of 2030, India has now updated its goal to reach 20% ethanol blending by 2025-26. India has also introduced a FAME scheme, which offers an upfront bonus on the purchase of an electric vehicle, to promote e-mobility in order to cut emissions in the transportation sector, whereas, in the power sector, India has passed the Energy Conservation Amendment Act 2022, which specifies the minimum share of consumption of non-fossil sources.
At the International commitments, India has submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC, under which India pledged to achieve an installed capacity of about 50% of non-fossil fuel-based energy sources by 2030 and to reduce the intensity of its GDP’s emissions by 45% from 2005 levels. China, the US, and the EU are the top three carbon dioxide emitters in the world, but India comes in fourth place with only 4% of the total emissions of greenhouse gases worldwide. India’s per capita emissions are just 1.9 tonnes, while those of the US are 15.5 tonnes, Russia 12.5 tonnes, and China, 8.1 tonnes.